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Natural rights

"To claim a “natural right,” is to claim that a legal system ought not violate such a right" 

   --  Randy Barnett

Randy Barnett has written about 5 rights

  1. Property
  2. Freedom to Contract (freedom to contract and freedom from having ones rights taken away)
  3. First possession - bring into a property ownership
  4. Self defence 
  5. Restitution
Natural law is a form of reasoning- given "if then" reasoning for medicine, architecture "Tells you how you ought to act "
i.e. to save someone's life you must perform an operation in this way.

Natural rights are not enforceable unless they also laws. But there are consequences of not following the natural rights.

If you want to live with peace and prosperity in close proximity, you need to define space.
We care about natural rights for the above reason

Good way of telling which countries are adhering to natural rights, is which way are people immigrating to or deserting to.

"We have all heard that the legitimacy of law making is grounded on the “consent of the governed” to the law-making regime. Yet the analysis just presented suggests that the obligation of law-makers to respect natural rights rests, at least in part, on the “consent of the governors” to respect these rights. For do not law-makers explicitly or implicitly claim that their laws promote the common good and are not unjust? By doing so are they not consenting to adhere to any principles of justice that, if violated, would thwart the common good?"

   --  Randy Barnett

Inalienable rights

"An inalienable right is a right that cannot be extinguished or transferred even by the consent of the right-holder. “That which is inalienable … is not transferable to the ownership of another. So an inalienable right is one that can never be waived or transferred by its possessor. … Thus what is proscribed by inalienable rights are certain relationships or agreements.”A claim that a right is inalienable must be distinguished from a claim that it is nonforfeitable. “A person who has forfeited a right has lost the right because of some offence or wrongdoing.”

   --  Randy Barnett

To hold that a right is inalienable is to restrict the freedom of contract of the right-holder.